• Asset class

    A group of assets which have similar financial characteristics and behave similarly in the marketplace.

  • Base currency

    The currency used for the transaction.

  • Emerging market

    Characterised by greater market access and less potential for operational risks when compared to frontier markets, which leads to a larger base of potentially eligible investors.

  • Frontier market

    Typically characterised by a higher degree of potential risk, including issues that may inhibit the flow of assets across national borders and awareness of potential difficulties for foreigners to establish accounts.

  • Index

    A statistical measure used to track the aggregate performance of an asset.

  • Index PE ratio

    The price/earnings ratio (often shortened to the P/E ratio or the PER) is the ratio of a company's stock price to the company's earnings per share. The ratio is used in valuing companies.

  • Index dividend yield

    A financial ratio that shows how much a company pays out in dividends each year relative to its share price.

  • Rebalance frequency

    An index is created by applying a certain set of selection and weighting rules at a certain frequency. HANetf rebalances, or re-applies its based selection and weighting process on a periodicity specified in the index rules.

  • Replication style

    The goal of each ETF is to replicate its index as closely and cost-effectively as possible. The classic method is physical replication; if the ETF directly holds the all securities of the index, this is also known as full replication.

  • Sharpe Ratio

    Measures the risk-adjusted return. Higher values indicate greater return per unit of risk.

  • TER

    The total expense ratio expresses the costs necessary to run a fund as a percentage.

  • Volatility

    Volatility is determined by the price movement (rise or fall) of a security. Securities that experience sharp increases or declines within a short time frame are considered more volatile than those that don’t.

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